American Federation Of Labor History Encyclopedia Reference Book -

american federation of labor wikipedia - the american federation of labor afl was a national federation of labor unions in the united states founded in columbus ohio in december 1886 by an alliance of craft unions disaffected from the knights of labor a national labor union samuel gompers of the cigar makers international union was elected president at its founding convention and reelected every year except one until his, african american history wikipedia - african american history is the part of american history that looks at the african americans or black americans in the united states although previously marginalized african american history has gained ground in school and university curricula and gained wider scholarly attention since the late 20th century the black history that pre dates the slave trade is rarely taught in schools and is, russian federation new world encyclopedia - the russian federation emerged as a great power in the early twenty first century also considered to be an energy superpower the country is considered the soviet union s successor state in diplomatic matters and is a permanent member of the united nations security council